OSLO & SPP
Oslo, the capital of Norway, is a hub of banking, shipping and trade in the country. It has a population of nearly 670,000 inhabitants. The vision for Oslo is a green, inclusive and smart city. Recently the City of Oslo was awarded the title of European Green Capital 2019.
As a member of the UN Global Compact, a voluntary initiative based on universal sustainability principles, the City of Oslo is committed to the Ten Principles concerning human rights, labor, environment and anti-corruption. The City of Oslo endeavors to enact and promote those principles in the city management and communicates publicly on the progress and the achievements. We communicate publicly about our efforts: https://www.unglobalcompact.org/participation/report/cop/create-and-submit/detail/348021
The climate goals for Oslo are to reduce direct GHG-emissions by 50 % by 2020 and by 95 % by 2030 (compared to 1990-level), and to make Oslo a fossil-free city by 2030.
Oslo’s Climate and Energy Strategy outlines the roadmap for how the green transformation should be implemented in order to achieve Oslo's climate goals, while developing and upgrading an urban community. One remarkable milestone is adoption of the Climate Budget 2020.
Oslo is the first city worldwide to adopt a Climate Budget following the Paris Agreement. Oslo`s Climate Budget is an integrated part of the Financial Budget. It includes 42 measures quantifying emission cuts needed by 2020.
Oslo aims at being a leader in using public procurement as a strategic tool to achieve our climate goals. The new Procurement Strategy of the City of Oslo adopted in October 2017 shows a reinforced commitment to sustainable procurement. The main target of the new Procurement Strategy is that “Oslo municipality shall carry out appropriate and cost-efficient procurement processes - delivering good and socially responsible solutions both in the short and the long term.” The Procurement Strategy has four sub-targets based on our vision for Oslo:
- The Oslo Municipality's procurements shall effectively contribute to providing citizens and businesses with solutions and services in line with current and future needs
- Oslo Municipality's procurements shall make Oslo greener
- Oslo Municipality's procurements shall make Oslo more socially inclusive and fair
- Oslo Municipality's procurements shall make Oslo a smarter and more innovative city
The Procurement Strategy is fully aligned with the Climate Budget 2020. Both are built around three focus areas:
- Energy and buildings
- Resourse Efficiency
Oslo has made a significant progress in all the three areas.
The number of people travelling by public transport bicycle and on foot in Oslo is rising – at the expense of car traffic. Oslo has the world's highest proportion of electric cars and is called the “EV Capital of the World”. Local and national authorities have made buying and owning electric vehicles very attractive and have thus boosted the private market for zero emission vehicles. Today, 30 % of all new cars sold in Oslo are electric.
In November 2016 Oslo engaged in the BuyZETproject on procurement of innovative solutions for zero emission urban delivery of goods and services. BuyZET is an EU Horizon 2020 project coordinated by ICLEI. The project concept is realised by a set of activities that are applied in five participating cities: Rotterdam, Oslo and Copenhagen, as key project cities, and Brussels and Southampton as observer cities. The main goals of BuyZET project are:
- To boost demand for zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) and other zero emission urban delivery solutions on the European market;
- To develop procurement plans to achieve zero emission urban delivery of goods and services to the public sector, and thereby improve quality of life in European cities by:
- Minimising the number, distance and disruptiveness of motorised vehicle trips within the city,
- Maximising the proportion of those trips made by zero emission vehicles.
The ultimate goal of the project is to develop innovative procurement plans to help the participating cities achieve their goals of zero emission urban delivery of goods and services and to spread the results and experiences to other European cities. Oslo has also come a long way with regard to sustainable public transportation. Oslo is advancing in using biofuels and hydrogen in public transportation. Biogas is already an important energy source for buses in Oslo. And the proportion of buses running on biogas will only increase. The biogas used in Oslo is produced locally in the region from food waste and sewage. Replacing diesel with biogas gives massive reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.
Energy efficiency and buildings
The City of Oslo has started a pilot on zero emission in construction vehicles and machinery through public procurement. To initiate market development, there has been organised a broad dialogue with stakeholders aiming at developing a market for zero emission construction vehicles and machinery. The pilot is promising, showing zero emission construction to be possible, with relatively low additional costs. This will be required in the City`s procurements.
In 2008, the City Council decided to phase out oil-fired heating in all municipal buildings, by 2012. 180 municipal buildings have converted to renewable energy, and emissions have been reduced from approximately 7200 tons of CO2 in 2009, to 600 tons in 2015. Since 2008 approximately 1500 oil-fired boilers, equivalent to 80 000 tons of CO2 in private buildings have been replaced by renewable energy through grants or loans from the municipal Climate and Energy Fund. The support scheme has contributed to a significant drop in emissions, working along with a national support scheme, communication measures, adaption to a warned ban on fossil fuel used for heating in 2020.
Oslo is continuously improving its circular systems in order to make the most out of our resources. The City administration wishes to promote innovation and new jobs in the circular economy. Therefore Oslo is currently working to develop strategies on sustainable consumption and waste reduction. The ultimate goal is to minimise consumption and increase use of sustainable materials and re-use.
At the moment Oslo is piloting a new program on re-use of ICT equipment and furniture. This is done through collaboration with firms which mainly employ people with disabilities or undergoing occupational rehabilitation. The equipment is handed off free of charge and being repaired and re-used. The pilot represents a triple bottom line. It contributes to the environment by keeping resources in the loop and reducing demand for new products. It contributes to the society by giving jobs to people falling outside of ordinary work life. And it aims at providing functional and more affordable products to those who need them, for instance schools and youth centers.
The City of Oslo is at the forefront of circular use of available resources, like using bio waste and city sewage for biogas production, fueling city buses and waste trucks. Waste no longer reaches an end point, but is a resource to exploit. The core of the waste management system is an extensive system of source separation where the citizens work together with high-tech machinery to ensure high recycling rates. All waste becomes raw material either in the production of new products such as new plastic products, bio methane, and bio fertiliser or as heat and electrical power. Food waste, garden waste and sewage become biogas, soil-products and bio-fertilisers. Food waste and wastewater contain useful nutrients for agricultural production, and the recycling is important for
Pictures of Oslo - Copyright: VisitOSLO/Tord Baklund
SPP IN ACTION
Socially responsible procurement
Oslo requires that all of its suppliers follow either the eight ILO Fundamental Conventions on the freedom of association and right to collective bargaining, forced labour, discrimination and child labour, or the broader ten principles of the United Nation’s Global Compact, which include human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption standards. Failure to comply with these can result in breach of contract with the municipality. In 2013 Oslo established a framework agreement for monitoring compliance which can also be used by all other Norwegian public bodies.
The full case study can be found here.