OSLO & SPP
Oslo, the capital of Norway, is a hub of banking, shipping and trade in the country. It has a population of nearly 650,000 inhabitants.
As a member of the UN Global Compact, a voluntary initiative based on universal sustainability principles, the City of Oslo is committed to the Ten Principles concerning human rights, labor, environment and anti-corruption. The City of Oslo endeavors to enact and promote those principles in the city management and communicates publicly on the progress and the achievements.
The current Procurement Strategy of the City of Oslo highlights responsible and innovative procurement and supplier follow-up as particular challenges in the period of 2013-2016. The main target is the following: “The City of Oslo’s procurements shall be innovative, cost-efficient, and contribute to building confidence in the City of Oslo as a public buyer.”
This implies that Oslo’s procurement activities shall be legally correct, targeted, cost-efficient, as well as economically, environmentally and socially responsible.
The general environmental policy of the City of Oslo is currently stated in the Urban Ecology Program 2010-2026, which was adopted March 23rd 2011. In its vision the City of Oslo is a sustainable community where every person has a right to clean air, clean water and good recreation areas. Procurement is an important element in this work; therefore it also states that "the procurement practices of the City of Oslo shall be environmentally efficient". Among other measures this implies:
- cooperating with other public and private actors
- using market power to influence the suppliers
- developing a system of environmental criteria for tenders
- implementing specific measures such as:ensuring that all electricity comes from sustainable sources, and avoiding dangerous chemical substances in purchases
The City of Oslo has already made some achievements, including the replacement of its existing fleet of 1,000 cars with electric vehicles. The city recently signed an agreement to replace these vehicles with greener models over a three-year period between 2015 and 2017. Oslo also signed a collaboration agreement with the Tax Department of the Eastern Region of Norway, to achieve a more efficient exchange of information about suppliers, e.g. with regard to payment of wages to the workers. The city has in place a contract clause on apprentices to ensure that our suppliers of services offer apprenticeships, for such occupations as electrician, lock smith, cook, etc. where there is a demand for professional training.
Some of the expanding focus areas are reducing CO2 from deliveries of goods and services, reducing emissions from public buildings and construction sites, and encourage recycling of waste.
Oslo aims at being fossil free by 2030 and considers sustainable procurement an essential tool to reach this goal.
Pictures of Oslo - Copyright: VisitOSLO/Tord Baklund
SPP IN ACTION
Socially responsible procurement
Oslo requires that all of its suppliers follow either the eight ILO Fundamental Conventions on the freedom of association and right to collective bargaining, forced labour, discrimination and child labour, or the broader ten principles of the United Nation’s Global Compact, which include human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption standards. Failure to comply with these can result in breach of contract with the municipality. In 2013 Oslo established a framework agreement for monitoring compliance which can also be used by all other Norwegian public bodies.
The full case study can be found here.